By paying deductible expenses or making contributions to tax-deferred retirement accounts or charities before the year ends, you can lower your taxable income and potentially increase your tax refund.
One popular way to accelerate deductions is by making charitable contributions. By donating to eligible charities, you not only support causes you care about but also reduce your taxable income. It's important to keep receipts to substantiate your contributions.
In addition to charitable contributions, you can also accelerate deductions by paying certain expenses before the end of the year. For example, paying an estimated state income tax bill due in January or a property tax bill due early next year can help reduce your taxable income for the current year.
It's important to note that if you're subject to the alternative minimum tax (AMT), accelerating deductions may not be advantageous. Some expenses deductible under regular tax rules are not deductible under the AMT. Consult a tax strategist or CPA for guidance.
An effective strategy to minimize your tax liability is to defer your income. By deferring certain types of income until the next tax year, you can potentially reduce your taxable income for the current year. This can be particularly advantageous if you expect to be in a lower tax bracket next year.
If you're an employee, deferring wage and salary income may be challenging. However, if your employer has a practice of paying year-end bonuses in the following year, you can consider deferring your bonus to reduce your taxable income for the current year.
Self-employed individuals and freelancers have more flexibility in deferring income. For example, delaying billings until late December ensures that you won't receive payment until the next year, effectively shifting the income to the following tax year.
It's important to note that deferring income only makes sense if you anticipate being in the same or a lower tax bracket next year. If you expect to be in a higher tax bracket, it may be more beneficial to accelerate income to pay taxes at a lower rate in the current year.
Tax loss harvesting is a strategy that involves selling losing investments to offset any taxable gains you have realized during the year. By realizing losses, you can reduce your overall tax liability and potentially increase your tax-free wealth.
If you have investments that have declined in value, consider selling them before the end of the year to realize the losses. These losses can be used to offset any taxable gains you have realized from other investments.
It's important to be aware of the "wash-sale" rule, which prohibits you from recognizing losses if you repurchase the same or substantially identical investment within 30 days before or after the sale. Be mindful of this rule when implementing tax loss harvesting. (Pro Tip - The Wash Sales Rule doesn’t Apply to Cryptocurrency)
If your losses exceed your gains, you can use up to $3,000 of excess loss to offset other income, such as wages or self-employment income. Any remaining excess loss can be carried over to future years to offset future gains.
Contributing to tax-deferred retirement accounts is not only a smart financial move but can also help optimize your tax situation. By contributing the maximum amount allowed to retirement accounts, you can reduce your taxable income for the current year and potentially increase your tax-free wealth.
If your employer offers a 401(k) plan, take advantage of it. Contribute the maximum allowed amount, which is $22,500 for 2023. If you're aged 50 or over, you can contribute an additional $6,500 as a catch-up contribution.
Even if you can't afford to contribute the maximum amount, contribute at least enough to take advantage of any employer matching contributions. Employer matches are essentially free money and can significantly boost your retirement savings.
Individuals can also contribute to Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). For 2023, the maximum contribution limit is $6,500, with an additional $1,000 catch-up contribution for those aged 50 or over. Consider making deductible contributions to reduce your taxable income.
If you're self-employed, consider a Keogh plan. These plans must be established by December 31 but contributions can be made until the tax filing deadline. The amount you can contribute depends on the type of Keogh plan you choose.
Consult a tax strategist or CPA to determine the best retirement account options for your specific circumstances and to ensure you're maximizing your contributions.
If you have a traditional IRA, you typically need to start taking required minimum distributions (RMDs) by April 1 of the year following the year you turn 73. Failing to take out enough can result in a hefty excise tax penalty.
After the initial RMD, subsequent distributions must be made by December 31 each year. It's important to calculate your RMD accurately to avoid the penalty. Consider consulting a tax strategist or CPA to ensure you're meeting the RMD requirements.
Alternatively, if you have a Roth IRA, you are not required to take RMDs during your lifetime. Roth IRAs offer greater flexibility in managing your retirement distributions and can be a valuable tool for tax optimization.
While this guide provides valuable insights into year-end tax deductions, it's important to remember that every individual's tax situation is unique. To fully optimize your tax-free wealth and ensure compliance with tax laws, consider seeking professional guidance from a tax strategist or CPA.
A tax strategist or CPA can provide personalized advice based on your specific financial circumstances. They can help you identify additional deductions, credits, and strategies that may be applicable to your situation, maximizing your tax savings.
In conclusion, year-end tax deductions present an opportunity to optimize your tax situation and maximize your tax-free wealth. By deferring income, accelerating deductions, implementing tax loss harvesting, maximizing retirement account contributions, managing RMDs, and seeking professional guidance, you can make the most of your tax planning efforts. Want to get started? Connect with us now
With base level subscriptions starting at $400/month, our engagements are relationship based, combining initial strategy, implementation and ongoing support. We work with our clients throughout the year to help them transform their business. Please answer the questions on the following page so we can determine if we are a mutual fit.